Tim Inglis

Neurophysiology Laboratory
School of Human Kinetics

Phone: 604 822-1626

Web pages:
Lab homepage



  • University of Waterloo, Waterloo B.Sc. 1984; University of Western Ontario, London B.Sc.P.T. 1992;
  • University of Waterloo, Waterloo M.Sc. 1986; Queens University, Kingston Ph. D. 1991


  • Exercise Science – Neurophysiology, Biomechanics, Stance and Balance Control, Human Microneurography, Physical therapy and Rehabilitation, Vestibular System

Research Interests

The task of maintaining upright stance in the human involves a complex control system that can use and integrate the bounty of sensory information that surrounds us. The long term goal of my basic research program is to better understand the fundamental role played by sensory information in the control of standing balance and movement in humans. To investigate this focus, we have developed two areas of research concentration in the School of Human Kinetics at the University of British Columbia. In the Human Neurophysiology laboratory, I use a special research technique, termed microneurography, to record the somatosensory neural activity of conscious human subjects. Currently, there are only 8-10 single-unit microneurography laboratories worldwide that use this technique to investigate sensorimotor research issues. We also use h-reflex and single wire electromyography in many of these studies. In the second research concentration area we are studying how standing balance and locomotion can be affected by manipulating the sensory inputs. In particular, we use another novel research technique, termed galvanic vestibular stimulation, to artificially alter the human vestibular system (inner ear balancing system). Research in the Human Neurophysiology laboratory at UBC is funded by equipment (RTI), and operating (Discovery) grants and a recent Discovery Accelerator Supplement grant provided by NSERC. 

Research Affiliations:

Brain Research Centre
Graduate Program in Neurosciences
Dept. of Physical Therapy
The Peter Wall Institute

Current Projects and Funding:

1. Vestibulospinal and Reticulospinal contributions to signle motor unit and muscle spindle afferent behaviour{NSERC Discovery Grant: 2007-2012}.
2. A system for ultrasound monitoring in conscious human subjects {NSERC RTI: 2007-2008}.
3. {NSERC Discovery Accelerator Supplement: 2007-2011}
4. Vestibular contributions to the control of human dynamic equilibrium (with B. Macfadyen, University of Laval). (NSERC).
5. Postural control in human stance (with Dr. Mark Carpenter). (NSERC)
6. Reflex and single motor unit contributions to stance (with Dr. Jean Sebastian Blouin). (NSERC)
7. Startle reflex contributions to human movement (with Dr.’s Ian Franks and Romeo Chua). (NSERC)
8. Postural responses to seated perturbations (with Dr.’s Gunter Seigmund and Jean Seabstian Blouin). (NSERC)

Selected Publications

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Franks. Differential effects of startle on reaction time for finger and arm movements? J. Neurophysiology in press

Greg Lee Son, Jean-Sébastien Blouin, and J. Timothy Inglis. Assessing the modulations in vestibulospinal sensitivity during quiet standing using galvanic vestibular stimulation. J. Applied Physiology, (2008) 105:1210-1217

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Motor preparation in an anticipation-timing task Exp. Brain Res, (2008) 190: 453-461.

Gunter P. Siegmund ,Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Mark G. Carpenter, John R. Brault and J. Timothy Inglis. Are cervical multifidus muscles active during whiplash and startle? An initial experimental study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders (2008) 9 (1) :80.

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., Chris J. Dakin, D.J. Sanderson, J. T. Inglis and I.M. Franks. Startle reveals an absence of advance motor programming in a Go / No-go task Neuroscience Letters, (2008) 434: 61-65.

Gunter P. Siegmund ,Jean-Sébastien Blouin, and J. Timothy Inglis. Does startle explain the exaggerated first response to a transient perturbation. Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews. (2008) Vol. 36 (2) 76-82.

Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Gunter P. Siegmund, Mark G. Carpenter, and J. Timothy Inglis. Neural control of neck muscles. J. Neurophysiology.(2007) 98: 920-928.

Chris J. Dakin, Gregory M. Lee Son, J. Timothy Inglis, and Jean-Sébastien Blouin. Frequency response of human vestibular reflexes characterized by stochastic stimuli. J. Physiology (2007) 583.3:1117-1127.

Brad J. McFadyen, Laurent Bouyer, Leah R. Bent and J. Timothy Inglis. Visual-Vestibular influences on locomotor adjustments for stepping over an obstacle. Exp. Brain Res. (2007) 179:235-243.

Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Gunter P. Siegmund and J. Timothy Inglis. Contribution of the acoustic startle response to the neck postural responses elicited by whole-body forward perturbations.  J. Applied Physiol. (2007) 102:1574-1586.

Pierre-Michel Brenier, Romeo Chua, J. Timothy Inglis and Ian M. Franks. Sensorimotor adaptation in response to proprioceptive bias. Exp. Brain Res.  (2007) 177:147-156.

Natalie Vanicek, David J. Sanderson, Romeo Chua, Dave Kenyon and J. Timothy Inglis. Kinematic adaptations to a novel walking task with a prosthetic simulator. J. Prosthetics & Orthotics (2007) 19:29-35.

Gunter P. Siegmund, Jean-Sebastien Blouin, John R. Brault, Sofia Hedenstierna and J. Timothy Inglis. Electromyography of superficial and deep neck muscles during isometric, voluntary and reflex contractions. Journal of Biomedical Engineering  (2007) 129: 66-77.

Tamika L. Heiden, David J. Sanderson, J. Timothy Inglis and Gunter P. Siegmund. Adaptations to normal human gait on potentially slippery surfaces: the effects of awareness and prior slip experience. Gait and Posture  (2006) 24: 237-246.

Sarah-Jane C. Lusina, Paul M. Kennedy, J. Timothy Inglis, Donald C. McKenzie, Najib T. Ayas and A. William Sheel. Long term intermittent hypoxia increases sympathetic activity and chemosensitivity during acute hypoxia in humans. J. Physiology  (2006) 575 (3): 961-970.

Gunter P. Siegmund, Tamika L. Heiden, David J. Sanderson, J. Timothy Inglis and John Brault. The effect of subject awareness and prior experience on tribometer-based predictions of slip probability.Gait and Posture (2006) 24:110-119.

Jean-Sébastien Blouin, J. Timothy Inglis and Gunter P. Siegmund. Bilaterally synchronous             electromyographic activity indicative of a startle response elicited by a whiplash-like perturbation: a     possible link to injury? J. Physiology. (2006) 573 (3) 857-867.



HKIN 389 (3) - Neuromuscular Integration of Human Movement

The Neurophysilogical and functional neuroanatomical processes involved in the sensory and motor control of movement, posture and balance in the human, peripheral and central sensorimotor structures, and neurological diseases that effect human movement and balance control will be discussed.  Pre-requisite: HKIN 190

HKIN 573 - Neurophysiology of Human Movement

An examination of the neurophysiological and functional neuroanatomical processes involved in the sensory and motor control of movement, posture and balance.  Clinical examples of neurological diseases that effect human movement control may also be incorporated.  Emphasis is placed n a critical analysis of the current literature.

HKIN 489c – Human Functional Musculoskeletal Anatomy

This Tutorial/Laboratory-based course will provide students with detailed knowledge of the body’s musculoskeletal structures underlying human movement. Students will also be provided with detailed knowledge of the neural innervations to these musculoskeletal structures in order to comprehensively understand the organization of movement control. Emphasis will be placed on appendicular and axial functional anatomy, with practical skills in surface anatomy and physical and neurological examination. Pre-requisite: HKIN 190